IEP / IFSP / 504 Basics

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Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 – Requirements for a Free Appropriate Public Education for Students with Disabilities

Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 protects the rights of individuals with disabilities in programs and activities that receive federal financial assistance, including federal funds. The Section 504 regulation requires a school district to provide a “free appropriate public education” (FAPE) to each qualified person with a disability who is in the school district’s jurisdiction, regardless of the nature or severity of the person’s disability.

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Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP)

The Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP) provides the foundation of family-centered early intervention services. The IFSP is an agreement between you and the local Infants and Toddlers Program regarding the early intervention services and supports provided to your child and family. The IFSP is both an agreement and a written document that puts in writing your child’s strengths and needs, your family’s priorities, and the outcomes you and the team would like your child to achieve. The IFSP provides the “what,when, where, why, and how” of early intervention services to be provided to your child and family.

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Individualized Education Program (IEP)

If the child is determined to be a child with a disability, an IEP is developed by the school staff with input from the parents within 30 days of the meeting to review assessment results. The IEP team reviews the IEP, identifies services needed to implement the IEP, and considers options for the provision of services in the least restrictive environment.

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Students with Developmental Delay

The Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA) provides states with the discretion of adopting developmental delay (DD) as an additional categorical option for students. Maryland establishes the age range of three (3) through nine (9) years of age for the use of the DD option.  Read more.